Patrons, Landscape, and Potlatch: Early Medieval Linear Earthworks in Britain and Bulgaria

Paolo Squatriti


Often seen as exceptional monuments, comparative analyses of linear earthworks are rare. Exploring Offa’s Dyke (Wales and England) and the Erkesiya (Bulgaria) as comparable expressions of authority in the early medieval landscape. This article is a revised and updated republication of an early study (Squatriti 2001), arguing that  both linear monuments represent strategies to not only reflect, but actively create, royal power.


Bulgarian Empire, Erkesiya, Offa’s Dyke

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