The Changing Approaches of English Kings to Wales in the Tenth and Eleventh Centuries

Ben Guy


This article examines how political relations between England and Wales evolved during the tenth and eleventh centuries. During this period, the newly enlarged English kingdom ruled by Alfred the Great’s descendants became more sophisticated and better able to exploit its inhabitants. At the same time, Wales came to be dominated by a smaller number of more powerful and wide-ranging kings. The combined effect of these changes was a move away from the complete domination over Wales sought by English kings of the earlier tenth century to a pattern of more sporadic intervention exercised through client lords active in the Anglo-Welsh borderlands.


early medieval Wales; Anglo-Welsh border; Gruffudd ap Llywelyn; Bleddyn ap Cynfyn; Gwent

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