EVOLUCIÓN HUMANA Y ANTROPOLOGÍA VIRTUAL: UNA PROPUESTA PARA LA DOCENCIA Y LA INVESTIGACIÓN - HUMAN EVOLUTION AND VIRTUAL ANTHROPOLOGY: A PROPOSAL FOR TEACHING AND RESEARCH

Alexia Serrano Ramos, Juan Manuel Jiménez Arenas, José Antonio Esquivel Guerrero

Resumen


Partiendo de la premisa de dinamizar ciertos recursos existentes en el Departa- mento de Prehistoria y Arqueología (la colección de réplicas osteológicas - cráneos - y un escáner 3D de superficie) nos propusimos como objetivo componer una colección virtual de referencia de materiales osteológicos accesible, com- prensible y funcional, para enriquecer la formación teórico-práctica del alumnado, y contribuir a la mejora de la enseñanza de la evolución humana en los diferentes grados y posgrados de la Universidad de Granada, pero también válido para la investigación.
Para ello, se procedió a digitalizar, con un escáner 3D de luz estructurada Ar- tec2000, 25 réplicas de cráneos de individuos significativos para el estudio de la evolución humana y pertenecientes a los principales taxones extintos (australopitecinos –en sentido amplio- y Homo). Además, se realizaron fichas de cada uno de ellos con información relativa a su descubrimiento y adscripción, así como de algunas  de  las  principales  variables  métricas  craneales  (volumen  endocraneal, tres del neurocráneo y otras del tres viscerocráneo) que se hallaban dispersas en la literatura científica. Dicha información junto con las reproducciones digitales configuran una base de datos alojada en una página web “la craneoteca del Dpto. de Prehistoria y Arqueología de la UGR”, de libre acceso desde cualquier compu- tadora con Internet (www.prehistoriayarqueología.es/craneoteca).

Palabras clave


Cráneos; docencia; escáner 3D; evolución humana; nuevas tecnologías

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23914/otarq.v0i1.98

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Copyright (c) 2017 Alexia Serrano Ramos, Juan Manuel Jiménez Arenas, José Antonio Esquivel Guerrero

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ISSN: 2530-4933

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Revista editada por JAS Arqueología S.L.U.